Mergui Archipelago (Myeik archipelago)
Once it was a place where pirates hit and attacked trading boats, which where going for Myeik to unload their cargo. Since 1940 it was closed to the outside world, because of the defense strategy of Burmese military regime. Only in 1997 live abroad cruises for foreigners were allowed to enter the Archipelago from the most southern point of Myanmar (Kawthaung) with special permission. For multiple day tours it is still necessary to have a permission arranged
3 weeks ahead of departure. The permission need to be arranged through a travel and tour company. Cruises range from three to eight days and can include, sailing, kayaking, hiking, snorkeling and diving. Private charters are possible.
Since 1. September 2015 it is officially allowed to operated day tours into the Archipelago. Tourist still need to arrange this with a licensed tour operator. The tour operator has to apply for permission only one days before departure. Possible day tours are:
- Marcus Island (Relaxing Beach Trip)
- Mergui Island (Bird Watching and Village Life)
- Dome Island (Sea Gypsies -Moken people- and beautiful beaches)
- Smart Island (Snorkeling and Beach Relaxing)
- Kyail Laik Island and Dana Theik Di Island (Snorkeling)
- Cocks Comb Island (Snorkeling Trip)
- Nyaung Oo Pee Island (Snorkeling Trip)
We like to mention that individual travelers are currently allowed to take a fishing boat from Myeik to the closer islands without any permission. However it is not possible to visit a postcard beach as the nearby islands are situated in the mangroves. The surrounding waters are murky and the beaches are more brown than white. The fishing boats are too slow to take passengers further out and overnight stays on the islands for individual travelers are prohibited. Alternative there is a public ferry to Kyunsu Island in the morning for a visit to a fishing village. Travelers will need to return in the afternoon.
There are no dive centers in Dawei, Myeik or Kawthaung. Diving is only possible on live aboard cruises.
To enter the Archipelago arrangements need to be made through an agency. On top of the tour package costs there will be a Royalty fee for the Mergui Archipelago. The fee contains harbour and service taxes as well as the permission costs. Fees vary and depend mainly on the length of stay as well as the size of the boat.
The only two places to access the Mergui Archipelago are Myeik or Kawthaung. Flights depart daily from Yangon to both destination.
The Northern Mergui Archipelago remains uncharted as nearly all live aboard leave from the south. Myeik has plenty of options for day tours, which still need to be discovered.
The Southern Archipelago has seen a handful of tourists for the last 20 years, but still not every island has been visited. From 800 bigger islands and up to 4000 islands in total, there is still plenty to discover
PLACES TO STAY In the Mergui Archipelago
There are three places in the Archipelago to stay. he access is from Kawthaung only at the moment. (Sep 17).
PLACES OF INTEREST
Lampi Island (Salet Galet) – National park is the most famous island. It offers a wide range of flora and fauna. Among others small mammals, monkeys, barking dear and plenty of bird species can be spotted on the island and in surrounding mangroves. Lampi’s beaches are unspoiled and have great coral reefs for snorkeling. To discover Lampi fully it would need at least three days.
High Rock is located about 25 kilometers from Kawthaung and usually one of the first stops for diving. It is a very small rocky island without beaches and only one tree. The dive site is superb with visibilities over 15 meters on good day. There is a chance to spot nurse sharks in the crevasses and quite a lot of sea horses.
Tanintharyi Island (Tenasserim Kyun) has long sand banks, which are inviting for a stroll. The nearby reefs offer a great snorkeling possibility. Bird watchers also have a chance to discover some rare species.
Dome Island (Daung Kyun) is a huge island in the northern part of the archipelago and can be reached from Myeik within a day’s speed boat ride. The north east side has a small reef with good visibility for snorkeling as it is sheltered from the waves. On Dome Island there are four small fishing villages partly inhabited by sea gypsies (Moken people) in dry season. On the southeast side is a small waterfall, where fishermen refill their fresh water tanks.
Life Seeing tip #1: Bear in mind that you enter the wilderness, there are no gardeners ragging the sand daily to prevent the sand flies from breeding. Especially at dusk and dawn you should use strong insect repellent. Try to use a natural based one to save the environment.
Life Seeing tip #2: Instead of using sun screen for protection, try to uses the natural product thanaka. (If you don’t know this is the yellow make up Burmese women and kids wear everyday. It is also fine to use it for men.). The ocean will thank you one day as sun screens are hard to dissolve. Thanaka also has a cooling effect on your skin.
The department of fishery has regulations in place for net sizes and fishing practices. However they don’t have the man power to control these. There are reports of huge trawlers catching everything from the tiniest little shrimp and even taking out the coral. Middle aged fishermen said back in the days they had more than enough tiger prawns to eat. Nowadays they are not that plenty anymore and fishermen can’t effort them.